A player establishes possession of a pass when:
- they catch a pass and then they maintain that catch for more than one noticeable instant, and
- they maintain the catch throughout all ground contact related to the catch, or until they throw the disc
A player can also establish possession when a disc that has already hit the ground is picked up, or is given to them, after a turnover, pull, or stoppage.
Once a player has established possession, they may change their grip on the disc and that does not affect their possession, as long as they maintain contact with the disc.
A disc in the possession of a player, or caught by a player, is considered part of that player.
The team whose player is in possession or whose players may pick up the disc is considered the team in possession.