Rules of Ultimate governed by the World Flying Disc Federation

17. Fouls

  1. 17.1. Dangerous Play:
  2. 17.1.1. Reckless disregard for the safety of fellow players is considered dangerous play and is to be treated as a foul, regardless of whether or when contact occurs.  This rule is not superseded by any other rule. If uncontested this must be treated as the most relevant foul from Section 17.
  3. 17.2. Defensive Receiving (Defender) Fouls:
  4. 17.2.1. A Defensive Receiving Foul occurs when a defender initiates contact with a receiver before, while, or directly after, either player makes a play on the disc.
  5. 17.2.2. After an uncontested defensive receiving foul the receiver gains possession at the point of the breach. If 14.2 applies, the disc is dead until a pivot is established at the nearest point of the goal line. If the foul is contested, the disc is returned to the thrower.
  6. 17.3. Force-out Fouls:
  7. 17.3.1. A Force-out Foul occurs when an airborne receiver catches the disc, and is fouled by a defensive player before landing, and the contact caused the receive;
  8. 17.3.1.1. to land out-of-bounds instead of in-bounds; or
  9. 17.3.1.2. to land in the central zone instead of their attacking end zone.
  10. 17.3.2. If the receiver would have landed in their attacking end zone, it is a goal;
  11. 17.3.3. If the force-out foul is contested, the disc is returned to the thrower if the receiver landed out-of-bounds, otherwise the disc stays with the receiver.
  12. 17.4. Defensive Throwing (Marking) Fouls:
  13. 17.4.1. A Defensive Throwing Foul occurs when:
  14. 17.4.1.1. A defensive player is illegally positioned (Section 18.1), and there is contact with the thrower; or
  15. 17.4.1.2. A defensive player initiates contact with the thrower, or there is contact resulting from the thrower and the defender both vying for the same unoccupied position, prior to the release.
  16. 17.4.1.3. If a Defensive Throwing Foul occurs prior to the thrower releasing the disc and not during the throwing motion, the thrower may choose to call a contact infraction, by calling “Contact”. After a contact infraction that is not contested, play does not stop and the marker must resume the stall count at one (1).

  17. 17.5. Strip Fouls:
  18. 17.5.1. A Strip Foul occurs when a defensive foul causes the receiver or thrower to drop the disc after they have gained possession.
  19. 17.5.2. If the reception would have otherwise been a goal, and the foul is uncontested, a goal is awarded.
  20. 17.6. Offensive Receiving Fouls:
  21. 17.6.1. An Offensive Receiving Foul occurs when a receiver initiates contact with a defensive player before, while, or directly after, either player makes a play on the disc.

  22. 17.6.2. If the foul is uncontested, the result is a turnover, and the defensive player gains possession at the point of the breach.
  23. 17.6.3. If the pass is complete and the foul is contested, the disc returns to the thrower.
  24. 17.7. Offensive Throwing (Thrower) Fouls:
  25. 17.7.1. An Offensive Throwing Foul occurs when the thrower initiates contact with a defensive player who is in a legal position.

  26. 17.7.2. Incidental contact occurring during the thrower's follow through is not sufficient grounds for a foul, but should be avoided.
  27. 17.8. Blocking Fouls:
  28. 17.8.1. A Blocking Foul occurs when a player takes a position that a moving opponent will be unable to avoid and contact results, and is to be treated as either a receiving foul or an indirect foul, whichever is applicable.
  29. 17.9. Indirect Fouls:
  30. 17.9.1. An Indirect Foul occurs when there is contact between a receiver and a defensive player that does not directly affect an attempt to make a play on the disc.

  31. 17.9.2. If uncontested the fouled player may make up any positional disadvantage caused by the foul.
  32. 17.10. Offsetting Fouls:
  33. 17.10.1. If fouls are called by offensive and defensive players on the same play, the disc returns to the thrower.
  34. 17.10.2. Non incidental contact that occurs as two or more opposing players move towards a single point simultaneously should be treated as offsetting fouls.
  35.